The Yearbooks of the Estonian Librarians Association 2012
The Yearbook intends to give an overview of the highlights of the year. The ELA annual meeting set goals for the coming years and approved its development plan to 2014. The detailed action plan, which determined future development trends, served as guide in organising the Association’s activities. Early in the year the Chair of the ELA Board convened the libraries working group to start the draft on the integration of the library field into cultural policy. The aim of the Ministry of Culture initially was to approve the Fundamentals of Cultural Policy to 2020 at Riigikogu (Parliament) at the beginning of the following year; however, the discussions continued in 2013.
2012 was a year of significant international events. The annual IFLA meeting has never before come so close to Estonia; and we regret that only twenty Estonians participated in the global Forum of librarians in Helsinki. Nevertheless, both the Finnish-side organisers and the ELA did their best to put Estonian libraries in the picture. Hopefully, it has succeeded! The LIBER conference, for the first time held in Estonia, was a highlight of our librarianship. More than three hundred guests from thirty three countries arrived in Tartu. At the end of the conference the audience stood up to cheer and applaud the success of the well organised and eventful conference.
2012 was a year of innovations. At the Tallinn University Academic Library the UHF RFID-based lending system - the first in the Baltic States - was installed that was acknowledged as the Deed of the Year of Research Libraries 2012; the Tallinn Central Library opened the lending and reading environment of Estonian-language e-books ELLU that was recognised as the Town Library Deed of the Year.
For the University of Tartu Viljandi Culture Academy the year passed under the auspices of its 60th birthday. The event was especially important for the librarianship alumni who got together in the Big Hall of Ugala Theatre to take a 60-year long walk down memory lane from the start to the present day of the school.
Several articles are about the undertakings of Jõgeva County libraries, mostly by the optimistic view, – about the recognition of librarians and about their summer training tours.
However, there were anxious notes as well – during the Library Days at Alatskivi the rural librarians sent an appeal to the local authorities concerning their salaries which have long remained unchanged and require significant adjustment.
Many dear colleagues passed away; among them Ivi Tingre who had been in charge of Estonian librarianship for nearly forty years. But Ivi Tingre’s Ring continues its traditional journey. Katrin Niklus selected the chief specialist of continuous professional development of the National Library of Estonia, Krista Talvi, as the next holder of the Ring.
Libraries as the capital in Estonian culture
Presentation at the ELA forum Quo Vadis, Library on 29 February 2012
Maarja Lõhmus, Senior Lecturer in Media Studies, Institute of Journalism and Communication, University of Tartu
The library nowadays is a cultural as well as information centre; developing increasingly into a leisure centre, for some people even a customer service point with a library counter where it is possible to get things.
The book studies and the studies of the changing of interests (2002, 2005, 2008, 2011) conducted by the University of Tartu media studies show how the attitude of people towards books has changed in the course of years.
According to the survey more than 70% of the people of Estonia bought books in 1990, in numbers it is 400 000 people. In November 2011, only 5% of the population (about 40 000) bought books regularly. The decrease in twenty years is ten-fold, therefore the importance of libraries must be on the rise. As the focus is on library attendance, the selection of books in libraries should be diverse. 38% of the population borrow books from libraries. The crisis of reading or the use of the library concerns 20-29 year-old people. The youth are more internet-centred, they are not book readers. If the older generation reads more, a question rises what kind of cultural environment to create. Half of the population are active readers, the second half has less interest in reading. It is time to start discussing the ways of socialising Estonian-speaking, Estonian-minded and with Estonian identity people into Estonian society because individuals do not develop automatically without being educated and directed. To develop identity, national and cultural policy, it is necessary to value the book and the library.
Estonian Literature and its Stereotypes
Presentation at the ELA Rural Libraries Section’s Information Day Estonian Literature in the Grip of the Media in the National Library of Estonia on 19 March 2012
Jan Kaus, writer
The author of the article observes from temporal distance the tensions burst around library acquisitions, where a sharp contradiction stands out. The librarians, the Minister, readers as well as the writers who have spoken on the acquisition issues all feel that they are not understood and it is exactly them, their principles and interests that have received unfair treatment. In the course of the dispute the Estonian written word has at once become one of the most attractive topics of the public sphere. The author was upset by the fact that very easily the circulating stereotypes about Estonian literature once again appeared on the surface, like Estonian modern writers do not write for people andEstonian modern literature is full of anguish and frustration. According to Kaus, the circulating stereotypes about Estonian literature are so successful for the reason that their usage is often based on non-reading. Every year about twenty remarkable works of home-grown fiction are published; however, the public discussion about the position of modern Estonian literature is seldom carried out from the level of this kind of reading. The current high literature cannot forget that life is problematic and dangerous by its very nature and always has a mortal end. The deeper the insight into literary legacy, the more clearly we can see the impact of deeply tragic stories, their significance for society and human spirit.
Does Our Future Lie in the Past?
Presentation at the ELA Forum Quo Vadis, Library on 29 February 2012
Elle Tarik, Library Officer, Tartu Oskar Luts City Library
The author compares the early days of the Republic of Estonia, when lists of banned and compulsory books were being applied, with the current day situation in which libraries once again have received lists of recommended literature from the Minister of Culture. The compilation of any lists is a subjective activity, involving fashion trends, taste as well as political preferences, and ultimately cannot be objective in any way. The situation in the new Republic of Estonia was largely the same as in the 1920s. At the beginning of the 1990s a large quantity of poorly translated and unedited translation books were issued. The Estonian Librarians Association initiated the ELA public libraries acquisition working group to map the situation and work out acquisition recommendations. In 2001, on the ground of the then existing prices of books a goal was set to apply for compensation from the state for 3 euros per capita per year and the goal was almost attained. Now the sum is actually 1,5 euros per capita – so two times less. The Minister of Culture has issued a regulation to spend half of the finances allocated by the state on procuring cultural periodicals and selectively original publications. It is obvious that in this situation the public libraries will not be able to replenish their collections in a balanced way. In order to ensure publication opportunities for Estonian writers, to provide loyal customers for publishers in the form of libraries, and choice opportunities for readers, i.e. tax payers, it is necessary that the state would find additional financial resources for purchasing cultural periodical publications and original literature for public libraries.
About Connectedness and Coherence. Notes
Rein Veidemann, Professor of Estonian Culture, Tallinn University
At the XII Rural Library Days the author of the article spoke about the coherence between generations. Generations are internally united into an integral whole not only by the same years of birth (mainly a decade), but also by the same reality experience and the way of interpretation of that experience. The connectedness of generations reveals in culture as in a whole and is interpreted as a palimpsest, i.e. as layers that have been written on one another.
When we speak about the intercohesion of generations, we have in mind such components as the attitude to culture and the existence of permanent values, readiness for new challenges obtained by education, and the content of education itself.
One of the providers of coherence is the language. Coherent can be such society where the position and prestige of the common language is high. In the Soviet time the importance of the language was so high that for Estonians the language was according to Heidegger a real „house of being“, their secret language. Today this cannot be said anymore, because literature as a source of linguistic performance is losing its significance. Not because of literature itself, but because of reading. Reading on „the lowest average“ principle is dangerous also for the language.
Another provider of coherence is literature. When reading about somebody or something, we read about ourselves. A literary text actualises discussion, and discussions or dialogues have an essential role to play in the binding of society.
From the point of the coherence of society the author is not sure whether virtual coherence will compensate that of a direct contact. If literature and the entire book culture do not play anymore the same role in providing coherence between generations, the role it had in the pre-digital era, a question arises about what could be a cultural coherer for the future.
At present the Estonian song culture, and especially song festivals, seem to be the only definite factors which bind the people together. As long as the tradition of song festivals lasts, it may be believed that Estonian society will be in one or another way coherent.
In the Light of the Language
Essay dedicated to the Mother Language Day
Maire Liivamets, Estonian LiteratureSpecialist, National Library of Estonia
The author of the article speaks about the maintenance and valuation of the Estonian language. The learning of the language begins with the birth of a child and continues till death. The language should be cradled tenderly like a child, so that it will grow and gain weight, and become big and strong. Figuratively it may be said that we live in the light of the language. Through the language reveals our internal freedom and dignity, a lifelong ability to exchange thoughts, and the ability to secure our national continuity.
However, we notice more and more a disregard for self-expression in speech, a limited vocabulary, indifference towards the linguistic richness. People who cannot speak properly their native language are not able, whatever has been thought, to express themselves correctly also in foreign languages.
It may seem that in the entire country we think about the Estonian language more solemnly first of all on the Mother Language Day and do not recognise that in reality we live in the sphere of our native language every day. The Estonian language is doing quite well, but we must not for a moment forget about its day-to-day maintenance.
The language surely belongs to the nation who wants to speak and listen to it. As long as the language lasts, we will continue as a nation.
Jõgeva County Library Award IDA
Siiri Õunap, Chief Specialist, Jõgeva County Central Library
The Jõgeva County library award IDA has been given out by the Jõgeva County Central Library since 2008. The library award was named after the first and long-time head of the Põltsamaa Library, Ida-Helene Sutt-Reima.
The library award IDA was created to value, encourage and acknowledge the promoters of librarianship in Jõgeva County. The award provides the hand-made rag doll IDA. The library award has five categories.
The Busy IDA is awarded to recognise the carefulness of librarians in performing their everyday duties and the adaptation to new challenges and changing conditions.
The Surprise IDA award is given to a librarian for an outstanding performance in librarianship or broader in the sphere of cultural or rural life (event, project, publication, etc.).
The Colleague IDA award estimates the attitude of librarians towards their colleagues and the opinions about their work (friendliness, helpfulness, openness).
Lifetime Achievement IDA is presented to a librarian retiring from work for an outstanding contribution to the librarianship of the county.
The Friendly IDA award is granted to a non-librarian who has demonstrated willingness and respect towards librarians and contributed to the development of librarianship in the county.
According to the new statute, from 2013 the library award IDA is given out in three categories - Librarian IDA, Lifetime Achievement IDA and Friendly IDA.
Ilmar Vaaro, Lecturer, Tartu University Viljandi Culture Academy
The article gives an overview of the preparations relating to the 60th birthday of the Tartu University Viljandi Culture Academy from the point of view of library and information science studies. This educational institution started in 1952 as Tallinn Culture School. In 1960 it was named Tallinn School of Cultural Education and in the same year the educational institution was transferred to Viljandi. From 1978 it is Viljandi Culture School. In autumn 1991 it was reorganised into an institution of higher education under the name of Viljandi Culture College. In 2003 the name was changed to Viljandi Culture Academy and in 2005 it merged with the University of Tartu.
The preparations for jubilee celebrations started in April 2011. The first step undertaken was the renewing of ties with alumni, in the course of which the databases were updated and a list of alumni in library and information science was created. In total, at different times the school has had 1667 graduates. As of the end of 2011, in Estonian libraries of different types were employed 2597 librarians and library specialists, at least one-fourth of whom were the alumni of Viljandi School.
Under the auspices of the jubilee tens of different undertakings took place. The book Ühine teistsugusus (Common difference) includes academic articles and merry essays created at the time of collecting traditions connected with the school. In 1992-2009, the Tartu University Centre for Applied Social Research RAKE conducted a survey among the alumni to get a feedback about the completed studies and after-graduation activities. The second issue of the journal Raamatukogu was dedicated to the Culture Academy. The jubilee celebrations reached the highest point on 18 and 19 May 2012. Among the second day events was also the re-union of the librarianship alumni, when the participants took a thoughtful and merry walk down memory lane from the beginning to the present day of the school.
User Training at the Establishment of Higher Education on the Example of Tallinn University of Technology
Gerda Koidla, Deputy Director, TUT Library
The goal of TUT Library user training is to develop information literacy of users for information search from both traditional and e-information sources, teaching to critically assess and ethically use found information.
By teaching information literacy skills the university library is seeking to teach the participants of corresponding courses to learn to know information resources and search tools necessary for their speciality and how to use them effectively. Besides, they should be prepared for information search in any subject area. Acquiring information literacy should be considered as part of the learning process, therefore the library strives towards integration of information literacy courses into the university curricula.
The TUT Library has been involved in user training for a long time. Systematic training began already in the 1961/62 academic year. For more than fifty years we have been able to connect user training with university subjects. At present we offer information literacy courses to various user groups: undergraduates, Bachelor and engineering students, Master and Doctoral students, international students, lecturers/researchers, and other library enthusiasts.
During the last ten years the amount of training hours has increased almost threefold and the number of trainees more than twice. In 2012, altogether 2 514 students and lecturers were trained that all in all took 834 hours.
Web-based courses were launched at the TUT Library in the 2000/2001 academic year. In 2010, at the Bachelor’s study information skills courses self-made interactive study objects were for the first time introduced and the transfer of the chemistry-related speciality information courses into the e-study Moodle environment began. Altogether, 1553 students passed library web courses in 2012. Beginning from 2010, the courses in English are organised on a regular basis for international students coming to study at the TUT. In 2012, more than 300 foreign students passed the courses which introduce library services and information resources.
From 2010, a standardised subject-based folder series „How to find literature“ to support readers’ independent information retrieval has been created. Nowadays the users are, of course, assisted also by the library webpage.
The new technologies of digital era require from librarians proactivity and taking into use more user-friendly information and learning environment when teaching information literacy.
The library subject specialists have been constantly engaged in their professional development: they have participated in different international projects (DEDICATE, UNESCO Training-the-Trainers ILW, e-learning IL programmes Comparative Study), the training tours of the lifelong learning programme ERASMUS since 2008, etc.
Closer to the European System of Professional Qualifications
Krista Talvi, Chief Specialist of Training and Development Centre, National Library, Chair of ELA Professional Qualifications Committee
The five-level Professional Qualifications system has been implemented in librarianship for almost ten years.
In Estonia the Professions Act (2001) laid the foundation to the arrangement and creation of professional qualifications standards. At the same time in the library circles the values for librarians were discussed and in the result the Code of Ethics for Librarians (2001) was drawn up. The first Librarian Professional Qualifications Standards III, IV, V were completed in 2003. They were amended in 2007 and remain in force until 1 January 2014.
In 2008 the Professions Act was supplemented by an annex The levels of the Estonian Qualifications correspond to the European qualification framework (on the basis of the recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 April 2008 on the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning (2008, pp 1-7) that conditioned the necessity to create new professional qualifications standards.
The Chamber of Professions initiated the renewal of Librarian Professional Qualification III, IV, and V. On 18 November 2010 the professional standard working group was formed to start developing national professional standards corresponding to the European 8-level qualifications system.
On 9 November 2011, for library employees and lecturers the Information Day Opportunities for In-Service Training and New Professional Qualifications Standards for Librarian was organised. The Chamber of Professions introduced the new eight-level European Qualifications Framework, and the working group introduced a new draft of professional qualifications for level 6, level 7a, and level 7b.
In January 2012 Krista Talvi as Chair of the ELA Professional Qualifications Committee was invited to participate in the working group. All the suggestions and opinions which had arrived in writing were looked through. The working group was determined to set for professional qualifications high educational requirements.
By June 2012 the working group had finished an extensive and important work and placed the professional qualifications standards for level 6, 7, and 8 on the ELA homepage for opinion polling.
From a Cultural Tour to Training Tours or Gaining Knowledge through Travel
Rutt Rimmel, Director, Jõgeva County Central Library
The librarians of Jõgeva County have been travelling for years both in Estonia and abroad; by now the cultural tourism has developed into training tours. During one- to three-day tours in Estonia the librarians visit libraries, get acquainted with the places of interest, history and culture of the locality.
Cultural tours abroad began in 2007. Every journey is preceded by a long and thorough preparation, as the librarians seek to observe new places with a glance of a literary person and visit local libraries. The tour programmes are compiled bearing in mind precisely the interests of librarians.
The first tour Literary France was a great success. The next travel destinations were Portugal, Slovenia and Croatia, Åland, Germany, and Denmark.
The Åland journey was accompanied by a trainer who delivered educating lectures and conducted teamwork training. During the following journey the chief specialists of the Central Library themselves carried out team training.
The 2013 tour will take the librarians to Norway to examine local libraries and listen to lectures on Norwegian literature.
Using the Estonian Subject Thesaurus in the Digital Environment
Sirje Nilbe, Head of Authority Control Department, National Library of Estonia, Manager of the Estonian Subject Thesaurus (EMS)
Tiiu Tarkpea, Head of Subject Analysis Department, University of Tartu Library
The Estonian Subject Thesaurus has achieved a strong position in Estonian libraries because its developers have tried to consider the needs of different interest groups. Estonian librarians perform precise and exhaustive indexing, thus the amount of necessary terms is huge. Other memory and knowledge institutions, whose needs are not so universal, seem to have difficulties in using the EMS.
The EMS is available as a web database and as authority data in the library systems that support authority control by means of traditional authority records. In other systems, which lack connections between subject words and synonyms control, the EMS loses much of its power as an information search tool. This shortage can be compensated to some extent by beginning the search in the original database of the Thesaurus.
It has been considered necessary to enrich the metadata with English equivalents having in mind international users who get information via Internet search engines and OAI portals rather than through the direct use of one or another digital collection.
The availability of one universal subject thesaurus facilitates a wide reuse of records and is economical in terms of intellectual work. Further development trends of the EMS should be towards the contemporary semantic web standards SKOS and Open Linked Data.
Meelis Lilbok, Developer/Programmer, Deltmar OÜ
RIKS, or Information and Catalogue System of Libraries is a software application created for Estonian libraries regardless of their types. The development of the software began at the firm Deltmar OÜ in 1999, having a model of software Kirjasto 3000 designed in Finland. The creation of the home-grown software RIKS on this basis was started by Karel Rimm and continued by Meelis Lilbok.
RIKS contains a very diverse functionality that is suitable for all types of libraries. The librarian software consists of two different modules, one for the maintenance of library collections, the other for dealing with readers.
The programme enables the copy cataloguing of biblio records and the acquisition of items for one’s own library or for the collections of the entire county. RIKS allows adding different electronic documents to the database.
The programme also includes more than 120 different reviews for compiling statistics and reports. It is possible to conduct an inventory right between the book shelves, using a simple personal digital assistant PDA and a barcode scanner.
RIKS supports all modern accessories that can be connected with the computer, such as various barcode and card readers. The programme also enables the printing of various barcode stickers, call number labels, reader cards and receipts. One of the extra devices is a CD-carousel that can be loaded up with different CD/DVD records; the CD-carousel will retrieve a necessary one for lending.
RIKSWEB is a web-based library online catalogue visible to readers. Readers can conduct different searches from the library collection, check availability of items, browse new arrivals, write comments and assess items. When the reader has logged into the RIKSWEB system, RIKSWEB makes it also possible to extend the due date of borrowed items, to reserve items, and perform other reader related operations.
Follow-up of the Jõgeva County Article Contest – Let's Write the Libraries into Wikipedia!
Raivo Suni, Managing Director of Jõgeva County Municipalities Union
Wikipedia, founded in the USA a decade ago, is one of the most popular web environments in the world. The Estonian-language Wikipedia marked its 10th birthday last year. At that time the number of Estonian-language wiki articles exceeded 100 thousand.
In November 2012, the Jõgeva County Municipalities Union decided to launch in Wikipedia an article contest about Jõgeva County. It was the first county-related article contest during the ten-year history of Estonian-language wiki. The Jõgeva County Central Library helped prepare and conduct the contest. In partnership with Wikimedia Estonia prior to the article contest a training among county librarians was organised to introduce the skills of writing Wikipedia articles. The contest took place from 1-30 November, ten participants created or supplemented 68 articles.
The winner of the contest of articles about Jõgeva County was Raul Veede from Tartu; he wrote about the local potato variety Jõgeva kollane, a street in Mustvee named after Benito Agirre, and the icon writer Gavriil Frolov.
IFLA and Estonia in 2012
Katre Riisalu, Marja Kivihall, Sirje Nilbe
The Estonian Librarians Association became a member of IFLA in 1928. The contacts between these organisations were restored after the re-establishment of the Association in 1989. A twenty-member Estonian representation took part in the IFLA conference at the Exhibition and Convention Centre in Helsinki on 11-18 August. Prior to the conference the Cycling for libraries tour through the three Baltic States with some hundred librarians from various parts of the world started. The ELA took this opportunity to introduce Estonian libraries, and their e-services, using for this purpose roll-ups and a poster-presentation. The publication Estonian Libraries and a folder about ELA in English were specially designed for IFLA. The interest towards Estonian libraries and librarianship was unexpectedly high.
Within the framework of the IFLA conference a number of traditional satellite meetings, pre- and post-conferences were held. In Tallinn the pre-conference Let’s Read! Reading and Print Disabilities in Young People took place organised by the Libraries Serving Persons with Print Disabilities Section, the Repository Library and the Reading Association of Estonia. The IFLA Classification and Indexing Section and the National Library arranged the post-conference Beyond libraries – subject metadata in the digital environment and semantic web. Information on Estonia at the information desk in Helsinki was provided by volunteers Kalju Tammaru from the Repository Library and Annika Redi from the Tallinn Central Library.
Highlight of Research Libraries – LIBER Conference in Tartu
Kristina Pai, Tartu University Library, Director of Collection Development, Leader of LIBER Organising Committee
From 27–30 June 2012, the 41st annual conference of theAssociation of European Research Libraries LIBER (Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche) Mobilising the knowledge economy for Europetook place in Tartu. The emphasis of the conference was on new technical devices and international collaboration.
LIBER is an organisation uniting research libraries that was founded in 1971. The University of Tartu Library, which was chosen to be the organiser of the 2012 conference, joined LIBER in 1992.
The LIBER conference which was held in Estonia for the first time was a highlight of Estonian librarianship. 340 heads of research libraries, top specialists and research policy makers from 33 countries arrived in Tartu. The topics included cloud services, new mobile devices, open access, copyright, and digital preservation.
The programme of the conference was responsibility of the Programme Committee, where the author of this article was also involved. The Programme Committee jointly chose five key speakers. Estonia, as an acknowledged IT-state, was represented by the Estonian Minister of Education and Research, Prof Jaak Aavikso, who made his opening speech. Other key speakers were top specialists from all over the world – Prof David Nicholas and Kurt de Belder from Europe, Ellyssa Kroski from the USA, and John Hughton from Australia.
The three-day-long main conference was preceded by the two-day pre-conference. During the main conference it was possible to attend six workshops and listen to forty three presentations.
Laureate of the ELA Award of Merit 2012 – Ene Riet
Krista Talvi, Chief Specialist of the Training and Development Centre, National Library
Ene’s fellow student
Ene Riet finished the class of intensive Estonian language programme at C. R. Jakobson Viljandi Secondary School No 1 and in 1978 graduated from Tallinn University (former Tallinn Pedagogical Institute) majoring in librarianship and bibliography. For a year she worked at the Estonian Technical and Research Library and in 1979 began to work at the National Library of Estonia (former Fr. R. Kreutzwald State Library) as a chief bibliographer of the Methodology Department and started to deal with youth work.
In the yearly 1980s, in addition to the methodological guidance of libraries, Ene was given the task of participating in the work of the Editorial Board of the journal Raamatukogu (The Library). In 1986 she began to edit the journal’s articles. In 1992 Ene became Managing Editor and in 2005 Editor-in-Chief of the journal. As a managing editor End has directed the journal for over 20 years. Under her guidance more than 120 numbers were issued. Ene has good professional knowledge, constantly improving herself at training courses, seminars and conferences in Estonia as well as abroad. Ene knows perfectly well the library network and librarians. The journal Raamatukogu is of interest to all librarians and is indispensable for continuing development and professional training of librarians.
Both the Estonian Librarians Association and the journal Raamatukogu mark in 2013 their 90th anniversary. It is a great value to have a well-functioning journal.
Ene is a re-founding member of ELA. She has been granted Librarian Professional Qualification V.
Laureate of the ELA Award of Merit 2012 – Reet Oruste
Anne Valmas, Head of the Estonian Exile Literature Centre, Tallinn University Academic Library
Kaie Holm, Director, Tallinn Central Library
Reet Oruste was granted the ELA Award of Merit for the development of librarianship. Reet Oruste graduated from Tallinn Polytechnic Institute in the speciality of electronic computers in 1971. After having completed her diploma work on the automation of work processes she was assigned to the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR.
In 1997–2005 Reet worked at the Tallinn University Academic Library. All major IT undertakings in the library were initiated under her leadership – at the beginning it was the creation of the online catalogue ESTER and in 1999 the transition to electronic lending.
Reet worked in the position of IT manager at the Tallinn Central Library from the early 2006 to February 2013. She was in charge of the creation and implementation of the first Estonian e-books reading and lending environment ELLU. One of the most important software solutions initiated by Reet was a generator for the reports of the Acquisition Department. The second essential software designed by Reet is inventory software.
Reet has always worked with all her heart, seeking new solutions for modernising library services and making their use more convenient. She has a positive attitude to life, is obliging and competent, and her teaching skills are really very special.
In 1999–2000 she was a member of the Board of the Estonian Library Network Consortium.
Children’s Librarian of the Year 2012 – Anneli Kengsepp
Kaie Holm, Director, Tallinn Central Library
Anneli Kengsepp acquired professional higher education at Tallinn Pedagogical University and her thesis dealt with the library services for the blind in Estonia. This was followed by her work at the Estonian Library for the Blind until getting a job at the Tallinn Central Library, assuming the position of the head of the Pirita Library in 2006.
After a year of working she accepted an offer to take temporarily over the responsibilities of the head of public relations. She at once became engaged in the celebrations of the centenary of the Tallinn Central Library and managed her duties perfectly.
As Head of the public relations she was involved in leading the projects that by now have become traditional, as, for example, the children’s summer reading programme Suvi raamatuga (Summer with a book) (started in 2002). She also initiated several new programmes, for example, Looduse lugemissaal (Nature’s reading room).
From September 2010 Anneli fulfils the tasks of the chief librarian of children and youth services. On this position Anneli’s sphere of responsibility is very wide, covering the entire children and youth services of the library. Anneli has been at the start of very many projects and involved in their execution. Anneli has also coordinated Lasteleht (Children’s page) and from the end of 2012 the updating of Youth Facebook. Anneli has directed the project of giving gift books to the first-graders of Tallinn schools. She is a member of the ELA Children’s Services Committee.
Anneli’s undertakings at the Tallinn Central Library have been acknowledged several times, last in 2012, when she earned the Colleague award for the execution of the best project of the year.
School Librarian of the Year 2012 – Piret Taniel
Maris Kütt, Head of the Võrumaa school librarians section
Piret Taniel, Head of the Antsla School Library, has performed an outstanding and productive work in her school. She has furnished the library into a real study centre which was among the first in the county to become fully automated, lending textbooks also through the computer programme RIKS. Piret Taniel is an enthusiastic promoter of books and reading. She has conducted many library lessons and other exciting events worth mentioning, including the days of fairy-tales, nights of reading, literary orientating games and many other things. Piret Taniel has good cooperation with the primary school and mother-tongue teachers, and also other libraries of the district. The soul of a library is the librarian. This is exactly what Piret Taniel is in the Library of Antsla Gymnasium and in the section of Võrumaa school librarians.
Rural Librarian of the Year 2012 – Ingrit Porkanen
Ingrit Porkanen started her work at the Children’s Literature Department of Abja Library in 1984. The last fourteen years she has been head of the library. The year 2011 was innovative for the library and very successful in promoting library activities. Abja Augustiahvatlus (August temptation) – under this nice title the library was inviting its readers to the night library. From Abja region originates our renowned children’s writer Jaan Rannap who in 2011 marked his 80th jubilee. To pay tribute to the writer from the home neighbourhood, in collaboration with the local school and commune administration the library initiated a story writing competition. For the Library Days their own version of the video Let’s meet in the library was completed, showing the Abja Library and the people working there. A modern and updated library homepage, including a blog corner as well, was launched in cooperation with a good assistant and colleague Ingel Vossmann-Treial. The library has also joined the social portal Facebook. Ingrit is highly rated among her colleagues.
Colleagues from the Viljandi City Library
Special Libraries Deed of the Year 2012
Veebiraamatukogu– web-based environment of the Estonian Library for the Blind
Margit Orusaar, Information Specialist, Estonian Library for the Blind
Veebiraamatukogu(http://veebiraamat.like.ee) is a web environment created by the Estonian Library for the Blind in cooperation with the Estonian information technology company Iceit Teenused OÜ for downloading and streaming of audio books, newspapers and magazines.
Veebiraamatukogucan be used by the registered readers of the Estonian Library for the Blind.
The audio recording collection of the Estonian Library for the Blind contains more than 3200 audio books. The important goals of the creation of Veebiraamatukogu were to enable a faster and broader access to audio recordings and to reduce postal expenditure of the library. Veebiraamatukogu was opened to users on 2 April 2012. It was financed by the Estonian Ministry of Culture.
Research Libraries Deed of the Year 2012
An Overview of the Implementation of the Item Borrowing and Returning System Based on RFID Technology at the Tallinn University Academic Library
Vahur Afanasjev, Public Relations Officer, Tallinn University Academic Library
In February 2012 the Tallinn University Academic Library began to lend books in a new way, providing a speedier service to readers. Since the ultra-high-frequency radio frequency identification (UHF RFID) had not been earlier used in Estonian libraries, the implementation of the system took almost two years from the emergence of the idea. The solution was installed by AS Hansab in cooperation with its provider, the Dutch company Kno-Tech. The most important thing to the reader is that together with radio frequency identification self-service machines appeared at the TU Academic Library.
UHF RFID can be used both as a basis for the lending system and as a security device. The RFID solution required great joint efforts from the library employees – a hundred thousand open access copies had to be rapidly labelled with appropriate tags. Thanks to collective efforts the work was completed in only two months. It is also planned to take into use an inventory scanner for the maintenance and inventory of collections – in principle it is possible to track books in real time within the library building. A library that does not keep up with digital technology will loose users in the future, stated Andres Kollist, Director of the TU Academic Library.
Town Libraries Deed of the Year 2012
Creating the Lending and Reading Environment ELLU at the Tallinn Central Library
Kaie Holm, Director, Tallinn Central Library
Triinu Seppam, Director of Library Services
ELLU is a software solution whereby the library can purchase and lend and the library user can borrow and read e-books in the ePUB format.
The Tallinn Central Library began to seek opportunities for lending e-books in 2009 in order to start lending, in addition to classical literature, also modern Estonian-language literature in the form of e-books, especially Estonian authors’ works to which copyright still applies. The library was determined to lend the books to readers for free.
As there was no software which would qualify for the required conditions, the decision was taken to create it itself. By the spring 2011 the library had completed the initial task and on 1 February 2012 the readers of the Tallinn Central Library could start lending Estonian-language e-books from ELLU. During 2012 the software was further advanced; readers can now log into ELLU also with their ID-card or Mobiil-ID.
The employees who in addition to their everyday duties contributed most to the completion of ELLU are: IT manager Reet Oruste, information system chief specialist Raivo Pilder, Director of Library Services Triinu Seppam, library system manager Inga Lehis,Head of the Acquisition Department Külli Karu, chief librarian of the Acquisition Department Andrea Redpap, chief librarians of the Estonian Literature Department Sille Ross (currently Head of the Pääsküla Library) and Mari Sieberk, Children and Youth Services chief librarian Anneli Kengsepp, information services chief specialists Merle Tanilsoo and Brigitta Kivisaar, artist Kertu Sillaste, Public Relations manager Ivika Türkson, Director Kaie Holm.
During the last two years the library has bought 396 titles of e-books, thereby 750 licenses. By the end of 2012 1404 ELLU users, 144 of them under the age of 17, could choose e-books for reading among 403 titles and use 954 licenses (incl 656 fiction licenses). The total number of lendings was 6313, incl 5277 fiction lendings.
Town Libraries Deed of the Year 2012
Tartu ilukirjanduses(Tartu in literature) – Tartu City Library literary and cultural web project http://teele.luts.ee
Ülo Treikelder, on behalf of the Tartu ilukirjanduses working group
From 2005 the Tartu City Library compiles the literary and cultural website Tartu ilukirjanduses. The database originated from a nice idea to represent Tartu through literature: to assemble texts that introduce the places of Tartu, its people, events related to Tartu, as well as the inscrutable and scrutable spirit of Tartu and other things that characterise the city.
The six-member work group was involved in maintaining, checking and entering the data; after that followed indexing, searching for additional information, linking texts with the map, authors' reviews, the introduction of the whole project. In April the database Tartu ilukirjanduses was opened to the public and approximately at that time was recognised as the Town Library Deed of the Year 2012.
At present the database contains more than 2000 excerpts from prose or poetry by almost 500 authors; including also 400 photos. By now the first audio excerpts have also been inserted and the interactive map application installed. The search of text excerpts and photos is performed by author, title and subject. Free word search is possible across the database.
In memoriamKonrad Kikas (8 February 1928 –11 February 2012)
Konrad Kikas was born in Tallinn on 8 February 1928. In 1960 he graduated from Tartu University in the speciality of librarianship. From Tallinn Pedagogical University he earned Magister Artium in information science in 1997.
Konrad Kikas is connected with Tallinn University of Technology from 1954 until his last days. From 1961–1994 he worked as Director of the TUT Library. After leading the library for 33 years, Konrad Kikas took the post of the Head of the Research and Development Department.
Konrad Kikas greatly contributed to the designing of the new library building opened in Mustamäe at Ehitajate tee 5 in 1972 and the development of the space programme for the new building opened at Akadeemia tee 1 in 2009, and the optimisation of work management.
Konrad Kikas was active in the development of librarianship in Estonia in general. He was a member and head of many inter-library committees. Konrad Kikas was a re-founding member of ELA. He has issued more than 150 works in Estonian and foreign publications, part of which are assembled in the life achievement book Verba volant, scripta manent, published in 2008. In 2011 came out his monograph Ühiskond ja raamatukogu (Society and the Library).
In 1975 Konrad Kikas was awarded the honorary title of the merited cultural figure of the Estonian SSR. The University of Technology has recognised his services by the TPI Medal of Merit in 1988, the TUT Medal of Merit Mente et Manu in 1998 and the TUT highest award - the Great Medal of Merit Mente et Manu in 2008. In 2007 ELA granted Konrad Kikas with the Award of Merit of the Estonian Librarians Association.
Konrad Kikas has made an invaluable contribution to the formation and preservation of the image of the TUT Library as well as to the development of Estonian librarianship.
We shall remember Konrad Kikas as an erudite, dignified and obliging person with a high sense of mission.
Colleagues from the Tallinn University of Technology Library
In memoriamMilvi Tedremaa (1 June 1937–8 May 2012)
Milvi Tedremaa graduated from Tallinn Secondary School No 1 (now Gustav Adolf Gymnasium) in 1955 and in the same year entered the University of Tartu to study librarianship. After the graduation in 1960 she started her career at the Estonian Medical Library where she worked as a librarian for four years and from 1964 as its director until the library was liquidated in 2006.
In her school days Milvi got involved in sports – volleyball - and continued her hobby at university and later after graduation. During 1960–1965, together with the Tallinn Kalev women’s volleyball team she became six times the champion of Estonia. In 1963 Milvi was granted the title of the Master of Sports. In the same year Kalev’s team won the sixth place at the Spartakiad of the People’s of the Soviet Union. Milvi said later that she had learned from volleyball an essential truth – to support the people.
In addition to the management work at the Medical Library Milvi wrote over a hundred articles on librarianship, bibliography, colour therapy, bibliotherapy, art and laughter therapy. Besides medical doctors and nurses the library rendered services to medical students, psychologists, social workers, pedagogues, patients… The book collection, as well as international medical databases became available on the Internet. Considering its achievements, in 1974 it was decided to designate the Estonian Medical Library as a methodological centre for Estonian health institutions. In 1977 Milvi Tedremaa was issued a bibliotherapist’s professional certificate. In 1999 the Estonian Medical Library became a member of the European Medical Libraries Association. In 1983 she was awarded the University of Tartu Faculty of Medicine Medal, according to Milvi’s words her most precious academic acknowledgement.
In 2006, by the resolution of the Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia the Medical Library was liquidated and its collections were given over to the University of Tartu Library. The life and activities of the library were abruptly cut off. The years-long Director’s struggle for the library came to an end.
In memoriamImbi Kaasik (27 July 1933–16 August 2012)
Imbi Kaasik was born on 27 July 1933 in Tallinn. In 1962 she graduated from Tallinn Pedagogical Institute as a history teacher. From 1962–1975 Imbi Kaasik worked as Head of the Tallinn Pedagogical Institute Library. From December 1975 Iambi Kaasik was employed at the Tallinn University of Technology Library, first as a bibliographer, from 1979–1988 as Head of Bibliography Department, then up to 2008 as a bibliographer.
With her searching spirit and innovative thoughts Imbi Kaasik initiated different projects of the Bibliography Department. An essential part of her work became collecting data on the career of the lecturers of the Tallinn University of Technology, also collecting their biographical data. For years Imbi was an active member of the Bibliography Commission of the State Library Commission. From 1998 she became a member of ELA and was also actively involved in the Ex-club activities.
The colleagues will remember Imbi as a conscientious and detailed person, who was of sports and had a positive attitude towards life.
Colleagues from the Tallinn University of Technology Library
In memoriamSiiri Lauk(16 February 1956–9 September 2012)
Siiri Lauk graduated from Tallinn Pedagogical University (now Tallinn University) as a secondary school teacher of the Estonian language and literature in 1994. She began to work at the National Library of Estonia in 1996. The Estonian language was very close to her heart. From the year 2000 she worked as an editor at the Librarianship Department of the National Library; from 2006 as a chief specialist at the Training and Development Centre. She was in charge of the work on the library vocabulary and one of the primary forces in converting it into a web-based format.
In 2003 Siiri became a secretary of the ELA terminology group. The terminology days organised by the ELA terminology group proved very popular. The first terminology day E-keskkond – lisaväärtus või uus mõõde (E-environment – additional value or a new dimension) was held on 4 October 2007. It was as if time urged Siiri to take on new challenges. In 2005 she decided to pursue advanced studies in linguistics at the Faculty of Philology of Tallinn University. The Master’s thesis remained unwritten.
In 2007 Siiri was elected Chair of the Board of the Estonian Terminology Society (Eter).
In 2009 Siiri was granted the ELA annual award for her contribution to the development of terminology, her activities in the ELA terminology group and the organisation of terminology days.
Siiri’s principle was harmony and stability not only in the language but also in life. She left to us numerous words and texts in a beautiful Estonian language.
Siivi Frey, Kai Idarand, Margit Jõgi, Mari Kannussaar, Maire Liivamets, Karmen Linask, Piret Lotman, Margit Meltsas, Hela Ojasaar, Ene Riet, Krista Talvi, Mihkel Volt – colleagues from the Training and Development Centre of the National Library
In memoriam Ivi Tingre (5 January 1932–3 December 2012)
Ivi Tingre dedicated her life to Estonian librarianship, being a respectable example for her contemporaries. For nearly four decades she was Head of the State Inspectorate of Libraries; the librarians highly valued her wisdom, weighted decisions and poise.
As a mentor Ivi Tingre encouraged young library methodologists to self-development and independent thinking. Thus side by side with Ivi Tingre started their career enthusiastic learners and further library leaders Anne Rande, Jüri Järs, Tiiu Valm and many others.
Ivi Tingre was the initiator of the centralisation of public libraries that provided the basis for strong central libraries, which are now performing nearly the same tasks set for them in the 1970s: to serve as acquisition, professional training and bibliography centres. She initiated the creation of the system of continuing professional development and began to organise joint events for librarians. She ventured to ask Moscow’s permission to start the compilation of the national bibliography in Soviet Estonia.
The working group on the draft Public Libraries Act under the leadership of Ivi Tingre began its work already in 1988. In the result in 1992, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia passed the Public Libraries Act which remained the first cultural law for many subsequent years.
Ivi Tingre left a deep impression on Estonian librarianship; her work laid the foundation for contemporary developments.
Tiiu Valm, Ivi Tingre’s co-traveller in 1974–2012
In memoriam Elvi Vall (5 November 1928–7 November 2012)
Elvi Vall was born on 5 November 1928 in Virumaa, Roela parish, Liivi village. After her studies at Rakvere Secondary School Elvi worked as a teacher from 1949–1956 first at Tammiku Elementary School and later at Väike-Maarja Secondary School. In 1956 Elvi Vall began to work at the Tallinn Polytechnic Institute Library, at the same time starting distance learning at the University of Tartu, specialising in librarianship and bibliography. She graduated from the university in 1963. Her diploma work TPI õppejõudude tööde bibliograafia. 1956–1959 (Bibliography of publications by TPI lecturers) laid the foundation for the catalogue of TPI publications. From 1962–1988 Elvi was Head of the Catalogue Department of the University of Technology Library. Her accomplishment is the development of the library catalogue system. Elvi worked at the TUT Library until her retirement in 2003.
Elvi Vall was a member of the cataloguing commission of the Interdepartmental Library Board (secretary 1984–1988) and a member of the ELA catalogue committee. Elvi became a member of ELA in 1999. She was active in the ELA Ex-club (Club of retired librarians), from 2000–2004 as President and later as Vice-President of the Club.
As a colleague Elvi was very warm and friendly, always positive and smiling.
Colleagues from the Tallinn University of Technology Library
Activities of the Estonian Librarians Association 2012
By the end of the year the ELA had 797 members, including seven honorary members, one foreign member, and seven associates (libraries).
The ELA general meeting was held on 29 February 2012 that approved the Development Plan for the Estonian Librarians Association 2011–1214.
In 2012 the Board had nine members, one person was on payroll at the ELA office. The Board held seven meetings (incl three via Skype). 691 members have joined the ELA mailing list. The Association has its Facebook account. All major events were covered by the messages in the library journal Raamatukogu.
Under the leadership of the Ministry of Culture the development strategy of the national cultural policy to 2020 is being drawn up. The working group has discussed four times the development priorities of Estonian libraries to 2020 that resulted in drawing a document which on 31 May was sent to the ELA list for the opinion polling, and on 6 June to the Ministry of Culture.
The ELA is a provider of the profession; from 2006 – 2012, 897 librarians were granted professional certificates: level III - 464; level IV - 409; level V - 24. In connection with the Professions Act that entered into force in 2012 the validity of all the professional standards was extended to 1 January 2014. In summer 2012 the working group decided to carry out the opinion polling on the drafts of the Librarians Professional Standards 6, 7, and 8.
The ELA Award of Merit 2011 was given to Anne Valmas; the ELA Annual Award 2011 was submitted to Director of the Central Library Kaie Holm. At the annual meeting 2012 for the first time the employees of town libraries were acknowledged and the Press Award was handed over. The Ivi Tingre Ring was passed over from its previous holder Katrin Niklus, chiefl librarian of the Rapla Central County, to Krista Talvi, chief training specialist of the National Library of Estonia.
The forum Quo Vadis, Library? took place on 29 February at the National Library. The Library Days Let’s Meet in the Library were held 20–30 October.
The ELA is a member of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and belongs to the Section of Education and Training, Classification and Indexing, and Management of Library Associations. Katre Riisalu, Ave Janu and Anneli Sepp participated in the IFLA annual conference in Helsinki on 11–18 August. The ELA activities were introduced by a poster presentation. An illustrated publication Let’s Meet in the Library! : Estonian libraries and thematic roll-ups were released to introduce Estonian librarianship.
The journal Raamatukogu (Library) was issued six times. It is published in partnership with the National Library of Estonia and the Estonian Librarians Association. The compilation of the ELA Yearbook 2011/23 was supported by the Tallinn Central Library; its compiler and editor was Kaie Viigipuu-Kreintaal.
Activities of the Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network 2012
Riin Olonen, Development Manager of the Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network
The Consortium of Estonian Libraries Network is a non-profit organisation representing the common interest of libraries. The Consortium has 10 members, 14 member libraries all in all (from June 2012 also Tallinn University of Applied Science). To coordinate cooperation between the libraries, the Consortium has established seven working groups and a round table for e-books.
The most considerable developments of the online catalogue ESTER (tallinn.ester.ee and tartu.ester.ee) in 2012 are related to web catalogues. A new design of the icons of item types was introduced. A virtual keyboard was added to the search pages; and the tabs taken into use in 2011 were altered - the tab EKSEMPLARID (copies) is not displayed if the record lacks copies (e.i web publications). The tab VIIMATI SAABUNUD (last arrived) was added under which the information about new acquisitions of periodical publications to the libraries is available. Under the tab TÄISKIRJE (full record) QR-code is displayed. As of 31 December 2012, the online catalogue ESTER contained 3 134 300 titles and 8 378 201 copies.
The lending of e-books has advanced most at the Tallinn Central Library (lending and reading environment ELLU was developed) and the Tartu City Library (e-books are lent out with e-readers).
The work on the conversion of records, their downloading and amending in the common environment of the database of Estonian articles ISE continued. As of 31 December 2012, the database contained 1 575 627 records of articles, 46 769 of them hidden. The database is compiled based on 39 newspapers, 535 journals and serials.
The Estonian Subject Thesaurus (EMS, ems.elnet.ee) is a universal controlled vocabulary in the form of a thesaurus in Estonian for indexing and searching different types of library material. The EMS is compiled by the National Library of Estonia and the University of Tartu Library. In 2012, 1 613 new records were created in the EMS, 99 records were deleted and 6 718 records amended. By the end of the year the Thesaurus stored 54 695 records.
The common database Digitised Estonian Periodicals (DEA, dea.nlib.ee) had public access to 377 titles (1 245 914 image pages) and was used 2400–2600 times per month on average.
The databases on research information were subscribed to with the financial support from the programme Electronic Research Information and also using other sources. In the form of state licenses, the Consortium coordinates procurement of research information for a wider audience, other than the users of member libraries of the Consortium. In the framework of the Estonian Research Infrastructures Roadmap Estonian e-Repository and Conservation of Collections (first stage), in 2012 the contract documents for the development of applied software for the e-Repository portal were created. The annual award ESTER! of the ELNET Consortium was granted to the chief bibliographer of the National Library Kristel Veimann (leader of the Cataloguing and Name Authority working group and the database ISE working group).
Activities of the Estonian Music Library Association in 2012
Kaie Viigipuu-Kreintaal, President, Estonian Music Library Association
The Estonian Music Library Association (EMLA) is an organisation promoting cooperation between music libraries and representing their professional interests. The EMLA is the National Branch of IAML (International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres). The EMLA is a member of the Estonian Music Council and the Estonian Music Information Centre.
In 2012, the EMLA had 13 members, 11 institutional and two individual members. The Board included: Kaie Viigipuu-Kreintaal (President, Tallinn Central Library), Ilvi Rauna (Deputy President, Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre Library), Heidi Heinmaa (secretary-treasurer, National Library of Estonia), Avo Kartul (University of Tartu Library), Ene Roost (Pärnu Central Library), Meery Salu (Tartu City Library), Viive Valper (Estonian Philarmonic Chamber Choir).
At the general assembly on 10 May, the activity report was delivered and Board elections held (the same membership continued).
The work on the amendment of the guidelines on the uniform titles of music publications (The uniform title of sheet music and music audio-visual publications) was carried out under the supervision of Tiina Sokk (National Library). The ELNET cataloguing and name authorities working group approved the guidelines on 19 December 2012.
The EMLA was also involved in preparing the document „Estonian Culture Policy Development Plan 2020“. The journalist of the Eesti Päevaleht newspaper Rein Sikk issued in June an article on the absurd situation about borrowing films from libraries. In the result of his intervention, from autumn 2012, the video recordings of Tallinnfilm and Estonian Public Broadcasting in libraries may be freely borrowed. On a proposal from the EMLA, Rein Sikk was awarded the ELA Journalism Prize.
The copyright working group made proposals to amend the Copyright Act. A proposal concerning the right to borrow videos was submitted to the Ministry of Justice.
On 4 October, a new collection Printed Music of Estonian Song Festivals of the digital archive DIGAR of the National Library was presented; the project The Digitisation and Service of Audio-visual Documents is in progress at the National Library.
The centenary of the Estonian film was marked by the exhibition Estonian Literature on Cinema Screen at the National Library; a series of events Estonian Film 100 and a virtual exhibition Estonian Film 100 – Film Music at the Tallinn Central Library.
On 4–6 June 2012, Heidi Heinmaa (National Library) represented Estonia with a report Musical sources in Estonian collections at the conference Music Documentation in Libraries, Scholarship, and Practice in Mainz dedicated to the 60th anniversary of RISM (Répertoire International des Sources Musicales).
On 3–5 October 2012, Marika Koha and Katre Riisalu (National Library) and Mary Tedre (Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre Library) took part in the BAAC (The Baltic Audiovisual Archival Council) conference in Helsinki.
On 14–15 August 2012, Mary Tedre and Ilvi Rauna (EAMTL) took part in the IFLA annual conference Libraries Now! - Inspiring, Surprising, Empoweringin Helsinki.
On 17–18 August 2012, Urve Leemets (EAMTL) took part in the IFLA post-conference Beyond libraries - subject metadata in the digital environment and semantic web in Tallinn.